The 7th meeting of the Baltic Sea Region Climate Change Dialogue Platform was chaired by the Islandic Presidency of the Council of Baltic Sea States (CBSS).
The focus of the meeting, held on 16 May, was the promotion of electro-mobility in the Baltic Sea Region, an exchange of best practices on climate action in the countries involved, and the indicators for measuring society’s vulnerability and resilience to climate change.
Åsa Bjering, Executive Secretary of the CPMR Baltic Sea Commission, attended the meeting, sharing information on the work currently being undertaken by the CPMR Task-Force on Climate and the Baltic Sea Commission Energy Working Group.
Electromobility developments in the Baltic Sea Region and EU
The main discussion of the meeting was the future of electric transportation. This could be a potential substitute for oil as it has a diverse range of primary energy sources and ensures energy security.
The EU has set a legislative framework to ensure an increase in the use of electric vehicles. EU policy related to battery-powered vehicles is based (but not limited) on the implementation of the Green Vehicle Directive (2009/33/EC) and a Directive on the Deployment of Alternative Fuels Infrastructure (2014/94/EU).
This policy is mainly focused on technological optimisation and market development. Future challenges in this field include the enhancement of reliability and durability of batteries and super-capacitors, which will lead to the reduction of the batteries’ weight, size and cost, as well as enhancement in safety. To achieve carbon free personal transportation, the charging infrastructure, hybrid electric power-trains, and plug-in solutions need to be enhanced.
Several speakers shared the success stories of their respective countries or institutions.
Morten Edvardsen, Senior Policy Advisor of the Norwegian EV Association, presented Norwegian success factors on EV deployment. Norway is the front runner in total sales volumes of electric vehicles in the BSR, and the third country world-wide, behind China and the USA. In June 2016, 21.52 registered plug-in electric vehicles per 1000 were registered.
Jón Björn Skúlason, General Manager of Icelandic New Energy Ltd, provided an overview of green electricity production in Iceland. He explained that the use of renewable electricity batteries in the transport industry is necessary to achieve carbon neutral mobility.
Anders Lewald, Senior Advisor of the Swedish Energy Agency, updated the meeting on electro-mobility policy development in Sweden and the EU.
A report from this meeting will be available at the meeting’s of the CPMR Baltic Sea Commission’s Working Groups on Transport and Accessibility, and Renewable Energies, as well as the Executive Committee.